With the increasing spike in the corona cases load, government is facing challenges in identifying individuals with CORONA DISEASE VIRUS.. Thankfully we got RAPID TEST KITS which can be used for the screening purpose and the good news is it could speed up the whole process of screening.. This would allow the health care providers to scale up the number to be tested and for community surveillance.
WHAT IS RAPID TEST KIT?
Rapid test kit is a card test similar to dengue card test – designed for preliminary screening and as the name suggest it takes shorter time for the results.
HOW DOES THIS WORK?
It is a test based on serological method, they detect the antibodies against CORONA virus in patient blood. Antibodies are produced by the body’s immune system when virus enters our body.
HOW DOES THIS DIFFER FROM THE OTHER SCREENING METHODS?
1.Thermal scanners -which gives information only about the body temperature, they are used to detect the fever (one of the symptoms of corona)
2.Existing testing system: The present Covid-19 detection test is PCR (polymerase chain reaction-confirmatory test ) which require nasal or throat swabs, in which the sample would be sent to the testing centre and results would be received later(usually it takes days to know the results )
But in Rapid antibody testing – blood samples of suspected patients are taken and results are obtained in around 15-30 minutes.
WHAT WILL BE THE PROCEDURE?
Simple procedure like one has to clean their finger with an alcohol swab and use the lancet provided for finger-pricks and few drops of blood sample may be collected.
TO WHOM IT CAN BE USED?
For all symptomatic and asymptomatic suspected individuals, also for those residing at covid19 hotspots, and in areas where large number of cases has been reported.
WHERE CAN IT BE TESTED?
These test kits will be available in hospitals under the surveillance of the health care professionals. It is not a self-testing kit.
DOES THIS TEST ADDS ANY BENEFIT TO HEALTH CARE WORKERS?
Yes. While taking throat swab was from the suspected individuals it might induce cough and which puts the health care workers at risk of infection. This can be prevented in rapid test kit.
WHAT IF TEST SHOWS NEGATIVE ?
The individual must home quarantine themselves (in lock down period ) and undergo another test in some days.
If tested positive, PCR TEST done confirmation and treatment started accordingly..
Rapid test kits for corona takes us a step ahead!